How to use Interceptors in Vue.js With Vue resource

How to use Interceptors in Vue.js With Vue resource

In the last tutorial, we have seen how to make http requests in vuejs using vue-resource, In this tutorial, we are going to learn about interceptors in vue.js.

Interceptors

Interceptors help us to pre or post-processing a request, it means we can modify the requests before it sent to the server or we can modify the responses coming back from the request.

Interceptors are defined globally.

Intercepting a request

We are using vue-resource http client package for intercepting requests in vuejs.

Example:

main.js
import Vue from "vue";
import App from "./App.vue";
import VueResource from 'vue-resource';

// telling vue.js to use this package
Vue.use(VueResource);
Vue.http.interceptors.push(function(request,next){
  // modifying request headers
  request.headers.set('X-CSRF-TOKEN', 'TOKEN');  request.headers.set('Authorization', 'Bearer TOKEN');
  next();
})

new Vue({
  render: h => h(App)
}).$mount("#app");

In the above example, we first imported VueResource and telling vue.js to use this package.

The function inside the push method runs before every request we sent from our vue app.

Inside this function, we can access the entire request object so that we can modify the request according to our needs, like in the above example we set Authorization token to the request headers.

Intercepting a response

main.js
import Vue from "vue";
import App from "./App.vue";
import VueResource from 'vue-resource';

// telling vue.js to use this package
Vue.use(VueResource);

Vue.http.interceptors.push(function(request,next){

  // modifying request headers
  request.headers.set('X-CSRF-TOKEN', 'TOKEN');
  request.headers.set('Authorization', 'Bearer TOKEN');

  next(function(response){      //logging the response body      console.log(response.body)  });
})

new Vue({
  render: h => h(App)
}).$mount("#app");

Here we defined a function inside next method, inside that function we can access the response object which comes back from the api, like in the above code we are logging the response body.