How to use React useRef hook with examples

by Sai gowtham1min read
How to use React useRef hook with examples

In this tutorial, we are going to learn about how to access the dom nodes in react by using useRef hook.

React hooks are JavaScript functions which helps us to use the react features in functional components.

useRef hook

In react useRef hooks helps us to access the dom nodes or elements so that we can interact with that dom element like accessing the input element value or focussing the input element.


import React,{useRef} from 'react';

function TextInput(){
   //creating the ref by passing initial value null
  const nameRef = useRef(null);
  function handleFocus(){
      //current is pointing to input element when component is mounts to dom
      nameRef.current.focus()  }
          <input ref={nameRef} placeholder="name" />          <button onClick={handleFocus}>Focus</button>


In the above example we have imported useRef hook from the ‘react’ then we invoked the useRef hooks by passing the initial value null.

In input element we defined ref attribute by passing the nameRef so that we can access the input element in nameRef.current property.