by Sai gowtham

How to format a number to specific decimal places in JavaScript

In this tutorial, we are going to learn about formatting a number to specific decimal places in JavaScript using toFixed() method.

Consider we have a number like this.

const num  = 123.1390

Now we need to format the above number according to specific decimal places like 123.12 or 123.139.

Using toFixed() method

The toFixed() method formats a number and returns the string representation of a number. Be default the toFixed() method removes the fractional part.

It also accepts the optional argument called digits which means we need to specify the number of digits after the decimal point.

Let’s see an example:

const num  = 123.1390

            // fractional part is removed
console.log(num.toFixed()); // "123"

Have you seen our number is converted to string representation so that we need to convert the string back to a number by adding + operator.

console.log(+num.toFixed()); // 123

Formatting number to 2 decimal places

To format a number to 2 decimal places we need to pass 2 as an argument to the toFixed() method.

const num  = 123.1390

console.log(+num.toFixed(2)); // 123.13

Similarly, we can format a number according to our needs like this.

const num  = 123.1390

          // 1 decimal place
console.log(+num.toFixed(1)); // 123.1

          // 2 decimal places
console.log(+num.toFixed(2)); // 123.13


          // 3 decimal places
console.log(+num.toFixed(3)); // 123.139

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