How to parse an URL in JavaScript

How to parse an URL in JavaScript

In this tutorial, we are going to learn about how to parse a URL and access its properties like hostname, port, pathname, search, etc using JavaScript.

Url()

In JavaScript, we have URL() constructor which accepts the url as a first argument then it creates and returns the object containing a data related to the provided url.

Example:

const google = "https://google.com/?q=ss";

const url = new URL(google);

console.log(url);

// url.hostname = "google.com";
// url.pathname = "/"

parsing-google-url in JavaScript

In the above image, we are seeing the object which is returned by the URL constructor.

Second way

There is also a second way to parse the url by creating an anchor(<a>) element using JavaScript.

const google = "https://google.com/?q=ss";
const a = document.createElement('a');
a.href= google;

Now, we can access the url properties like this.

console.log(a.host);     // "google.com"
console.log(a.href);     // "https://google.com/?q=ss"
console.log(a.protocol); // "https:"
console.log(a.search);   // "?q=ss"