by Sai gowtham

What is the difference between Rest and spread operator

What is the difference between Rest and spread operator

Rest Parameters ( … )

Rest parameters help us to pass an infinite number of function arguments.

(Rest parameters) Example

function sum(a,b,...remaining){






//a -> 1

//b - > 2

//remaining - > [3,4,5,6,7]

In the above code, sum function accepts three arguments a, b and remaining.where first two arguments values are 1,2 everything we passed after the first two arguments are represented as an array.

Spread operator

Spread operator helps us to expand the strings or array literals or object literals.

(Spread operator) Example

Split the strings

 let name = "JavaScript";

 let arrayOfStrings = [];


 //Ouptut -> ["J", "a", "v", "a", "S", "c", "r", "i", "p", "t"]

It splits the single string into the array of strings

Combine arrays

const group1 = [1,2,3];
const group2 = [4,5,6];

const allGroups = [...group1,...group2];


//output -> [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]

In the above code, we combined group1 and group2 by using the spread operator.

spread operator Function calls example

Consider we have an array of numbers we need to pass into the function as an arguments.

function sum(a,b,c){

      return a+b+c;


const nums = [1,2,3];

//function call


//output -> 6


  • If you see (…) dots on the function calls then it is spread, operator.
  • spread operator helps us to create the copies.
  • Spread operator helps us to Combine Arrays.
  • if you see (…) on the function parameters then it is rest parameters.